This was originally webcast live on Tues., Aug. 27, 2019 from Staley High School in Kansas City, MO as a high school volleyball referee training video conducted by the Greater Kansas City Officials Association.

Our referees were veterans in the GKCOA, Nicole Messick and Don Gard. The commentators were Ken Corum (GKCOA Vice President for Volleyball), Dixie Wescott (MSHSAA rules interpreter), and Don Sleet (MSHSAA mechanics interpreter and observer).

We owe a tremendous debt to Staley journalism teacher Jan Sobbe and her student crew from N2 Sports who actually did all the heavy lifting of getting this webcast on the air. We have not edited the original broadcast, so all of the awkward transitions are still on the video.

Our goal with this broadcast was to educate new and veteran referees on tips and techniques to improve the quality of high school officiating in the area using rules from the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) and from the Missouri State High School Activities Association (MSHSAA).

This was far from a polished broadcast, but we tried to address as many situations that arose during the matches, plus we can some hopefully helpful tips and tricks for each position on the court. We know we missed some plays, or we may have misspoke, so if that happened, kindly let us know and we’ll make sure we get it right. This video was designed to be a learning experience for everyone involved and not to be critical of the referees’ performance.

If you comment or ask questions below, we will try to periodically respond. We hope this was beneficial for you as a viewer! If you want to email Ken with comments or questions, his email is ken.corum@nkcschools.org.



6:42 – R1 heads to stand

8:06 – Line up check leads to pre-set substitution

9:30 – 1st serve Staley vs. North Kansas City (FOCUS ON R1)

12:22 – Time out mechanics

15:23 – Discussion of pacing

18:35 – Libero serve, double replacement

20:34 – End of 1st set mechanics

24:40 – Start of 2nd set

38:28 – Antenna fault to end 2nd set

45:23 – FOCUS SHIFTS TO R2, start off second match Staley vs. Oak Park

50:55 – Overlap call

59:45 – End of 1st set, R2 responsibilities between sets

1:04:45 – Start of 2nd set

1:12:32 – Discussion of R2 proximity to the court

1:16:30 – Unnecessary delay administrative yellow card

1:17:45 – End of 2nd set

1:24:25 – Start of 3rd match Staley vs. Winnetonka

1:26:50 – Center line violation

1:39:40 – Overlap demonstration and discussion

1:47:40 – End of match responsibilities

1:49:40 – Post-match debrief and discussion

1:54:19 – CORRECTION NEEDS TO BE MADE HERE: A statement was made that if a net serve and an overlap occur simultaneously, then the net serve is penalized, not the overlap. Actually, according to Rule 8-2-7b, “When a receiving team player is out of position on the serve and a service fault occurs, the receiving team is penalized.” So, the overlap should be called in the situation described.